Sunday, July 26, 2015

Incinerator Testing Fire

incinerator testing before delivery

Incinerator testing fire in factory. The secondary chamber burn first and now what you see is primary chamber.

Orignal From: Incinerator Testing Fire

Pet Cremation Picture in the Incinerator

pet cremation in incinerator chamber

The pet animal cremation picture above is dog cremation. The dog weight is 15-20 kgs per hour, after burning 1 hour the dog material is black colour, there is some remain and continue burn 0.5 hour later, the material is white, that's mean all material burn out. Generall, the combustion chamber temperature is 700-950 degree after 1 hour combustion.

Orignal From: Pet Cremation Picture in the Incinerator

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Incinerator for hospital



The services and equipment described in this specification comprises the supply, delivery, installation, testing and commissioning of an incinerator and the associated accessories including oil installation at the Hospital.


The tenderer is to ensure that the equipment they proposes to supply is from a reputable manufacturer with full spare back-up and can be serviced and maintained by locally available personnel and is not of such a nature as will require overseas expertise to attend to its maintenance and servicing.


The tenderer shall include for all items not called for in this specification but which are necessary for the completion, safety and satisfactory functioning of the works. The installation and components are to comply with all the requirements of the local authority's bye-laws, regulations of water and fire brigade authorities and the latest Kenya Bureau of Standards, British standard specifications and codes of practice or equivalent approved international standards and National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) Regulations.


The tenderer shall be deemed to have visited the site to ascertain the site conditions.




The works comprise the supply delivery, installation, testing and commissioning of 1No. Incinerator, complete with associated accessories including flue and oil installation. The oil installation shall comprise bulk oil storage tank, daily oil tank, transfer hand fuel pump and the associated pipework. The burning capacity of the incinerator shall be 75kg of hospital waste per hour as NU-WAY LTD models or equal and approved.


The incinerator will have a primary and a secondary combustion chamber, temperature indicators, burners operation and safety controls and a suitable flue (chimney).




The tenderer in submitting his tender shall be deemed to have included for commencing any necessary work and other expenses which may be incurred by the tenderer including travelling to site. No claims will be allowed for the traveling or other expenses which may be incurred by the tenderer.









The following climatic conditions apply to the site of the contract works and plant, equipment, apparatus and installation shall be suitable for these conditions.




Maximum Design Temperature


Minimum Temperature


Relative Humidity











41 – 59.7%


1624M ASL


36˚ 55'E


01˚ 19'S




Heavy rains fall during certain periods of the year and the tenderer shall be deemed to have taken into account of this fact both in his prices and planning of the execution of the works.




1.1.1      Incinerator

The incinerator shall have chimney, castable high quality refractory lining and incinerator shell, perforated blind for the primary and secondary combustion chambers and air circulation system.


The incinerator shall also have the following:-

  • Ash door

  • Primary and secondary burners and fans

  • Temperature indicator devices

  • Electrical wiring from the local isolator

  • FD fan

  • Air receiver

  • Air ductwork complete with air dampers

  • Pressure and temperature gauges

  • Fully wired control panel


The bulk oil storage tank shall have a capacity of 10,200 litres and be placed at 0.5m above ground on a firm concrete cradle, complete with the following:-

  • Drain pipe

  • Vent pipe

  • Oil level indicator

  • Access ladder to the top of the tank

  • Coating of the tank with at least 2No. coats of bituminous paint

  • Manhole cover complete with a gasket

  • Dip stick

  • Any other necessary accessory.




The daily oil tank of capacity 1,800 litres and size 1220x1220x1220mm pressed steel tank high shall be placed 2.5 metres high above finished floor level on a steel stand, firmly secured on the ground and the steel members to be bolted. The daily oil tank shall have an oil level indicator, access manhole, washout, overflow, inlet and outlets connections and gate valves.


The interconnecting pipe of 50mm diameter between the two tanks shall be class 'C' black mild steel pipe, complete with a 50mm diameter strainer. The burner fuel supply pipe from the daily tank shall be a 25mm diameter class 'C' black mild steel.


The following shall also be supplied

  • 25mm diameter fire valve

  • 25mm diameter high capacity strainer

  • heating tap along the burner supply pipe, 25mm diameter


The burner supply pipe shall have 25mm thick fibre glass insulation and finished with gauge 20SWG galvanised steel sheet.


The tenderer shall provide all the necessary controls for proper safety and satisfactory working of the installation.


1.1.1   BURNER


The burner shall be suitable for 35 sec redwood No. 1 scale fuel oil. It shall be robust in construction and be manufactured in cast iron or other suitable materials complete with mounting plates. It must be easily mountable and demountable for ease of cleaning and maintenance. The burner shall have an adequate supply of oil which will readily ignite and burn in a safe manner. Adequate provision shall be provided to prevent any solid matter in the oil, or any matter that may separate out from the oil from damaging any components or chocking of any orifices or valves. The free filtering area should be sufficient to ensure that the filter does not need dismantling for cleaning more often than once a year. The burner shall have flame supervision by photo-electric cell with synchronous sequence controller for automatic start up, running and shut-down of the burner.


The burner shall have all the necessary controls e.g.Solenoid valves, ignition controls, photo electric cell fuel safety controls, low pressure fuel supply cut-off etc.


The burner shall conform to BS 799: part 3 and 6 1981 or any other relevant British standard.The burner shall be as NU-WAY models or equal and approved.


1.1.2   CONTROLS


The incinerator shall operate in an automatic manner with all the necessary controls. These controls are to include safety elements such as flame failure unit, pilot lamps, fuses, starters, overload contactors, ON and OFF switches for burners and fans, combustion chamber temperature indicators for primary and secondary chambers etc.


  1. i) Electric ignition switch 'ON' before the oil is supplied

  2. ii) Delayed return to re-start position to allow purging

iii)     Re-start after temporary electric supply failure

  1. iv) Positive safety lock-out in case of flame failure from whatever cause.

  2. v) Red signal light on control panel to indicate safety lock out

  3. vi) Photo electric protective cell as flame failure device.


The controls shall be mounted on suitable control panel to be installed in a position easy to read and control from the charging door side of the incinerator.


The control panel shall be fabricated from anodized, 16SWG, mild steel sheet.




1.1.3   FLUE (CHIMNEY)


A flue chimney, 15,000mm long and 560mm diameter shall be constructed from steel sheet, complete with lagging, damper and rain water protection cone. The chimney shall be lined with castable grade diatomaceous concrete mixed with high alumina cement in accordance with BS 4076: 1989.


The damper will control the closing of the door to not less than 85%. The stack is to allow fresh air at the stock's base so that the flue gases are discharged at not move then 4000 C and that the discharge conforms to the British Clean Air Act, the National Environment Management Agency (NEMA) Act or other relevant acts. .




The sub-contractor shall supply equipment which are suitable for running on a 415V, 3 phase, 50HZ or 240V, single phase, 50HZ electric power supply.




The system shall consist of a bulk oil storage tank, daily tank, transfer hand fuel pump and associated pipe work. Oil from the bulk storage tank will be delivered to a high level daily tank situated in the incinerator room by use of a transfer hand pump and automatic electric pump.




The tenderer is to submit with his tender a list of recommended initial stock of spares together with their prices. A part from the burner spares mentioned here below, the spares prices are not to be included in the main summary of prices schedule but is to be separate and are meant to be ordered later if and when it becomes necessary and convenient to the client. The burner spares whose prices are to be included in the main summary of prices schedule (BQ) are:-


  1. i) Set of safety controls

  2. ii) Solenoid valve

iii)   1No. Oil ignition system

  1. iv) Photo-electric cells


Two sets of operating and maintenance manuals (both for the incinerator and burners) must also be supplied. This include two sets of control schematic diagrams for all the controls and wiring.

Orignal From: Incinerator for hospital

Thursday, July 16, 2015

burning 150 kg of waste incinerator

In a bid to bring a partial relief from the mounting waste disposal issues, a new incinerator will begin functioning at the Kozhikode Medical College soon. Authorities say that the new incinerator will become operational by the first week of August.

The incinerator has been installed using the fund from the Hospital Development Society (HDS).

HDS member Saleem Madavoor told 'City Express' that the society has allotted `15 lakh towards the expenses that will be acquired for the installation works. Kerala Small Industries Development Corporation Limited(SIDCO), a state government undertaking has been entrusted with the works.

An official of the medical college said that an expert team, deputed by SIDCO, has visited the medical college to review the primary arrangements.

The work order has been given to SIDCO and an agreement was signed between the medical college authorities and SIDCO officials three months back.

The medical college official added that the works of the incinerator are completed and installation works will start within few days.  When the new incinerator begins operating, the waste disposal issues will be partially addressed. The incinerator which has a capacity of burning 150 kg of waste, will dispose of the residue generated from the medical college hospital.

Meanwhile, the medical college will continue to grapple with the waste being generated from the Institute of Maternal and Child Health (IMCH) and Super Specialty block as the incinerator for these blocks, which have been proposed at a cost of `63.5 lakh by the state government still remains on papers. If the incinerator becomes a reality around 5,000 kg of waste can be disposed everyday.

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Orignal From: burning 150 kg of waste incinerator

Moving Forward on Open Waste Burning

The permit that allows the Radford Army Ammunitions Plant to burn hazardous waste from firearms outdoors is up for renewal. Community activists see an opportunity to address environmental and health concerns about the open burning – and state regulators see a chance to explore new technology to solve an old problem.
Just a handful of people turned at the Blacksburg Public Library on a recent afternoon for a meeting of the Environmental Patriots of the New River Valley.

"Is there anything we could post to get more people involved? Yes, petitions, a letter campaign... When the EPA was pushed to the wall in Louisiana, they said 'Uncle.' So, we want you Senator Kaine and you Senator Warner to do just what Senator Vitter did in Louisiana and write to the EPA and ask them, 'How is this not a violation of the clean air act?'"

Devawn Oberlender is looking to take a pager from the book of a far away town, where citizen protestors succeeded in stopping outdoor burning explosives of arms and weapons waste at the Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant.

"The opportunity that we have right now only comes up very ten years, because the permit is good for ten years, so what we need to replicate is what they did in north western Louisiana at Camp Minden.

There they formed a "Stop the Burn" movement that ultimately brought together elected officials, state and local regulators and the army for a plan to give up open burning and use a modern indoor incinerator to dispose of the toxic materials. Now, with the open burning permit at the Radford Arsenal up for renewal, the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality is exploring that idea for the first time. William Hayden is spokesman for DEQ in Virginia.

"We have not reached any conclusions yet but that is something that would be looked at as we move forward. We have asked the Arsenal to come up with alternatives to open burning and we do expect to have some options that go beyond the idea of just burning it the open."

Brian Salvatore is a professor of Organic chemistry at Louisiana State University who argued for using contained incineration.

"This is what we fought for here at camp Minden. And yes it added another 15million dollars and almost doubled the cost of the contract but this was something that, the EPA was willing to go to bat for us for. So I'm glad that the people in the EPA and in the state worked together here and they worked with the Army as well to find the additional money. And we're quite satisfied here that this alternative -- which, in the beginning of this we didn't know all the details of what these modern incinerators can do. We're quite confident here that this is going to do the job and the amount of material that's going to be released total will be on the order of tens of grams as opposed to tons of these emissions."

A spokesman for the Environmental Protection Agency's Region 3, which includes Virginia, said it could not comment on the possibility of incinerators like that being adopted at the Radford site, but a spokesperson for BAE Systems, the contractor in charge of the arsenal, confirmed it is "looking for viable alternatives to its current methods of waste disposal."

The department of Environmental Quality has asked BAE to conduct an environmental impact study on its current open burning practice. William Hayden says it's the first time DEQ has asked for one.

"Because we're getting in to an issue that has generated a lot of public interest in the Radford area we knew that the more information we had, the better. People from the public have been asking for us information; they've been asking Radford (the arsenal) for information."

And one of them is Oberlender who says, "We've been burning waste out there, open burning it since 1941. You know, it's not going away."

And neither are the environmental patriots of the new river valley. Taking another page from the story of Camp Minden Louisiana's successful effort to get its outdoor burning moved indoors. They're scheduling meetings with state and federal officials to keep the pressure on. The first is this Friday with U.S. Representative Morgan Griffith who sits on the Committee on Energy and Commerce, which has oversight of the EPA. The group is looking to make a national issue out of one that has for so long been so local and one of the few places where open burning of hazardous waste from explosives is still allowed.

Info from:


Orignal From: Moving Forward on Open Waste Burning

Tuesday, July 14, 2015

CPASA success: Up in smoke

CPASA (Community Partners Against Substance Abuse) Director Dawn Conerton was thrilled to announce the new purchase.

She confirmed the organization was able to use money from its reserves to help with the purchase. However, CPASA is still looking for donations to help make up the cost and also to help with the upkeep of equipment.

The incinerator is located at the Princeton Police Department. A fence and a shelter still needs to be built around the incinerator before it's used.

As previously reported in the BCR and the Putnam County Record, the state made the decision to no longer dispose of prescription drugs, forcing CPASA to look into the purchase of an incinerator to continue its program, which allows residents to dispose of their unused prescription medications in a safe manner.

The cost of the incinerator came to around $10,000.

Since CPASA's formation in July 2010, it has worked to keep unused prescription drugs off the street. Since September 2014, the program has collected and disposed of about 7,235 pounds of drugs.

Conerton explained how CPASA has worked hard to get the incinerator to help maintain the P2D2 program.

She said with the incinerator, CPASA will be able to continue educating the public about the safe way to dispose of drugs and remind them not to flush medication into the water supply.

"It hurts the water supply, and we also are getting them out of cupboards to prevent them from getting into the wrong hands," she said. "We now have a way to actually dispose of them completely."

With the incinerator, CPASA now plans to host more collection days to help get rid of even more unused medications.

Princeton Police Chief Tom Root was also thrilled with the arrival of the incinerator. He explained the incinerator can get up to 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit and takes about 20 minutes to burn down the material. The drugs are burned down to a fine powder, which is bagged and taken to the landfill.

The incinerator arrived at about the right time, as Root said there is currently about 1,500 pounds of pills to dispose of from the Bureau and Putnam counties area.

Root said CPASA plans to charge a fee to communities who don't provide a donation for the incinerator. The fees will help maintain the incinerator and help keep up with the purchase of diesel fuel.

CPASA is still looking for donations to help make up for the cost of the incinerator and to help continue the work CPASA does throughout the year.

"CPASA appreciates all the donations. We would never have believed in such a short amount of time this would be a reality," Conerton said. "This community is so awesome with their support and knowing how important it was to help. It's widespread and something that's going to help everyone."

CPASA is also hosting a fundraiser on Saturday, Aug. 1, from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. in Zearing Park. More details to come on the event.

Orignal From: CPASA success: Up in smoke

Efficient stove technology eases N. Kenya's medical waste problem

WAMBA, Kenya, June 30 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Poor weather, security threats and bad roads have made disposing of the Wamba district hospital's medical waste a challenge.

The nearest incinerator is about 200 kilometres (125 miles) away and "travelling was not possible during heavy rains because connecting roads were cut off by floods," said Stephen Lesrumat, a medic at the hospital.

But now the north-central Kenyan hospital has a solution to its problems, and a way of cutting climate changing emissions and deforestation: A high-efficiency medical waste incinerator that uses just a fifth the fuel of a traditional incinerator.

The wood burner, which takes advantage of powerful winds in the region to drive the flames, borrows technology from fuel-efficient stoves. It can safely eliminate waste produced by the Wamba hospital and by 22 other health centres in Samburu County, said Lesrumat and Ibrahim Lokomoi, the facility's engineer.

"It has reduced the burden of travelling outside the county to get rid of medical waste," Lesrumat said, sparing hospitals a potentially dangerous build-up of medical waste during periods when roads are impassible.

During previous flood periods, when hospital waste could not be transported, "I was worried because the waste is toxic," Lesrumat said. "It could cause health and environment damage if it accidentally spilled into the community."

Run-ins with al Shabaab militants can also be a hazard for some medical workers in Kenya driving long distances in their jobs, medics said.

"Northern Kenya is very expansive and has so many challenges that the government struggles to deliver services," said Onyango Okoth the assistant commissioner of Samburu County.

Now the Wamba incinerator handles between 5 and 20 kilograms of medical waste a day.

As the burner operates, a young worker clad in protective clothing flips open the lid of the chamber to monitor the process of incineration.

Seeing the last batch of waste is almost eliminated, he reaches for a barrel containing an assortment of used rubber gloves, syringes and polythene waste, pours in some of the waste, mixes it with a forked rod and then replaces the lid to allow the incineration to continue.

The Centers for Diseases Control in Kenya estimates that every patient admitted in a hospital generates at least 0.5 kilograms of medical waste. The National Environment Management Authority requires every health facility to dispose of medical waste through incineration.


The next step, Kenyan clean energy experts say, may be to begin incinerating waste using even more sustainable sources of energy, such as solar power.

"Kenya is investing heavily in alternative energy sources," said Johnson Kimani of the Kenya Climate Change Working Group. "Solar and biogas should be factored into medical waste incineration if the government is committed to its pledge of achieving a green economy."

James Lebasha, of the International Medical Corps, which helped construct the Wamba incinerator, said the burner may be just the first for the region.

"We hope to build more units in morthern Kenya to enable communities access this service," he said. (Reporting by Kagondu Njagi; editing by Laurie Goering :; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, climate change, women's rights, trafficking and corruption. Visit


Orignal From: Efficient stove technology eases N. Kenya's medical waste problem

SWRHA chairman: Delay in payment causes medical waste back-up

Chairman of the South West Regional Health Authority (SWRHA) Dr Lackram Bodoe said a back-up of medical waste at the San Fernando General Hospital had to do with a delay in payment to a contractor and not the malfunctioning of the incinerator.

Responding to complaints about the dangers posed by the accumulated medical waste, which included amputated limbs, needles, and bloodstained items, Bodoe assured that the $9 million incinerator installed last year was functioning well.

He said it was allowed to accumulate because daily paid workers refused to work on Tuesday.

Speaking with members of the media at SWRHA's symposium on leadership at the Southern Academy of Performing Arts on Wednesday, Bodoe said:

"I want to give the assurance that the incinerator itself is working well.

"It is a new incinerator that was installed last year and the issue had to do with a contractor who was supposed to remove the garbage and there was a delay of funding and that is what created a temporary situation yesterday."

Asked how soon the situation will be rectified, he said: "I have just been given the assurance by the CEO that the matter is being dealt with as we speak, so I expect by the end of the day it will be sorted out."

In addition, Bodoe said the SWRHA was also considering introducing a new type of technology, called the radio wave technology for incineration, which was much more atmosphere friendly.

However, a Public Service Association representative, who wished to remain anonymous, said the incinerator had been breaking down on a regular basis since it was installed last year and was not working at this time.

"They even had to revert to the old incinerator and that is unsafe and unhealthy to people operating that incinerator. Since last week Thursday the incinerator (new one) is down," he added.

He said workers took the action on Tuesday because since last week they were assured that the garbage problem would have been sorted out.


Orignal From: SWRHA chairman: Delay in payment causes medical waste back-up

Mine Spews Toxic Fumes: NWT Air Regulations Not in Place

Snap Lake Mine, 220 kilometres northeast of Yellowknife, where elevated levels of dioxins and furans were pumped into the air. | Photo Fire Prevention Services

Last July, two incinerators at De Beers' Snap Lake Mine were belching out clouds of black smoke, one sending an average of 65 times the accepted national limit of cancer-causing toxins into the air.

The hugely elevated levels of dioxins and furans — released when plastic is burned or garbage is not fully incinerated — were recorded during a four-day "stack test." According to the World Health Organization, "dioxins are highly toxic and can cause reproductive and developmental problems, damage the immune system, interfere with hormones and also cause cancer." The Canada-Wide Standards recommends emission levels for dioxins and furans not exceed 80 picograms per cubic metre. The company contracted to do the testing at Snap Lake found that one of the mine's incinerators was emitting 6.5 times the acceptable limit, while the other incinerator was emitting a whopping 65 times the acceptable limit (5,220 picograms per cubic metre on average, as



It's unclear how long this was going on for, though the report noted the problem was clearly visible: "Black opaque smoke was noted for all tests early in the incineration cycle."

De Beers did not respond to EDGE's request for an interview by the time of publication. However, according to a letter from De Beers' Environment and Permitting Superintendent, Alexandra Hood, sent to the GNWT and Environment Canada in January, the root cause of the problem was "not following standardized work practices," and running the incinerators, which were only installed in 2013, at too low a temperature.

Since flunking the test, De Beers has retrained staff, rewritten operating procedures and brought in new policy to shut down the incinerators if they're not meeting the correct temperatures (if it's safe to do so), according to Hood's letter. An inspection of the Snap Lake incinerators by a GNWT Lands Officer in March suggests De Beers has ameliorated the problem, at least in part: "No concerns were noted during this inspection," it states, and "the west incinerator which was burning waste at the time of inspection was emitting clear exhaust gas with no black smoke coming from the stack."

Whether or not sufficient steps have been taken, however, won't be known for years: the next stack test is not scheduled until 2019, according to a source close to the issue wishing to remain anonymous.

No GNWT regulation

The fact that, for an undetermined period of time around July 2014, the Snap Lake incinerators were pumping out unacceptable levels of toxic emissions is troublesome in itself. But it points to a much larger problem in the territory; the GNWT does not regulate emissions, require companies to meet the CWS, or mandate stack testing. (The Mackenzie Valley Land and Water Board, likewise, does not regulate air emissions.)

At several points in her letter, Hood notes the lack of regulation, claiming De Beers "will conform with any regulatory requirements regarding incinerator stack testing once enabling legislation is developed and approved in the NWT."

Without legislation in place, there is nothing to force De Beers or other groups using incinerators (i.e. every single mine in the territory), to keep their emissions at a safe level or undertake stack testing on a regular basis. Each mine has an Air Quality and Emissions Management Plan as part of its environmental agreement, but these plans only dictate reporting requirements, not actual emission targets. And while Hood claims "deficiencies, as measured against the Canada Wide Standards, will be managed through adaptive management and continuous improvement by De Beers," there's little government oversight of this "continuous improvement" and no fines or other mechanisms to force polluting companies to remedy their ways.

This problem has been going on for years. According to a Canadian Press report from 2011, the scientific journal Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management found sediments in a lake near the Ekati Mine that had levels of dioxins and furans 10 times higher than those collected from an uncontaminated lake. The same report cited a 2007 study commissioned by Environment Canada which suggested "extensive, uncontrolled burning of wastes could result in substantial accumulations of dioxins and furans in the local ecosystem, some of which will persist for some 8½ years at levels approaching those considered to be of toxicological concern."

"In most cases we're below the level that health agencies would (watch) for…" the study continues, "but we're getting there. And if you have more incinerators and more burning, you may well exceed those levels."

The GNWT's Department of Environment and Natural resources did not return EDGE's request for comment on the lack of regulation.

Why no regulation?

Back in 2001, the GNWT did sign on to the Canada-Wide Standards of dioxins and furans with all other provinces and territories (except Quebec) as part of a national Accord on Environmental Harmonization.

The document says: "Parties are required to take measures to reduce total releases from anthropogenic sources of dioxins, furans… with the goal of their continuing minimization and where feasible (technically and socio-economically), ultimate elimination." However, it adds, "each jurisdiction will determine the exact means of ensuring compliance" – basically defanging the document by letting provinces and territories renege on their commitment with no repercussions.

Other jurisdictions have taken proactive steps, bringing in legislation to regulate emissions in line with the CWS. The GNWT has not. They did bring in guidelines for managing biomedical waste in 2005, but they have been unwilling to regulate incinerators at mine sites. Their reason? The "waste incinerators operating at remote industrial sites within the NWT… are located on federal crown land and are not regulated by the Government of the Northwest Territories," says a report from 2009.

This may have been true in 2009, but post-devolution it's no longer the case. Since April of last year, the mines are on land managed by the GNWT, yet there have been no moves from legislators to start regulating toxic emissions from mine or other industrial incinerators. The last time the issue was discussed in the legislative assembly in 2011, Weledeh MLA Bob Bromley said a "loophole in environmental rules is allowing a growing number of unregulated waste incinerators to release extremely toxic chemicals into the land and water." He suggested, "when we take on new powers, we must be ready to move with new law."

Devolution has come, and incinerators are still operating in an unregulated environment. With all the talk of fracking and opening up new mining projects in the territory, it's now time, more than ever, for the GNWT to get its act together.




Orignal From: Mine Spews Toxic Fumes: NWT Air Regulations Not in Place

New Courtice incinerator hits further delays

CLARINGTON -- Clarington's new energy-from-waste facility will be delayed a second time because the boilers aren't operating properly and the ongoing startup period could cost Durham Region an extra $1 million.

"I'd rather see it delayed and done right than rushed," said Clarington Mayor Adrian Foster.

The Durham York Energy Centre facility, located in Courtice, was scheduled to be fully operational on Dec. 14, 2014. Now the Durham York Energy Centre is not expected to be in full working order until the last quarter of 2015.

The major systems of the EFW facility have been tested. The boiler temperature is high enough for the combustion process but the steam temperature isn't high enough, and officials aren't sure what the problem is, says Durham's works commissioner, Cliff Curtis.

The steam temperature has to be high enough to drive the turbine-generator. If the steam is too cool it can damage the turbine.

"It's like running a car without oil," said Mr. Curtis.

Covanta, the company building and operating the facility for Durham and York regions, has taken the boilers down for modifications, according to Mr. Curtis. It's expected to take three weeks for the repairs and modifications. Then there will be a four-week demonstration period, followed by a 30-day acceptance test.

"We're not getting the temperature we expected out of the boiler. Once we get the temperature up, I think everything will fall into place," said Mr. Curtis. "It's Covanta's problem to deliver us the product that performs the way they said, so they're going to take the time they need."

The delay means added consultant costs for construction management, legal advice and baseline ambient air monitoring. A Durham Region works report said Durham's share of the additional costs is $1 million, which can be provided from a temporary draw on the solid waste management reserve fund.

"What's the final cost going to look like?" said Clarington Regional Councillor Joe Neal, who added he still has concerns about the emissions meeting the Ministry of Environment rules. "There are clearly issues with getting it started out."

Since Jan. 16, Durham has been charging Covanta a $10,000-a-day late fee for every day the EFW facility is not fully operational. The invoice has been sent to Covanta, but it hasn't been paid yet, according to Mr. Curtis.

In mid-February, the incinerator began burning its first haul of curbside garbage. It was part of a testing phase before the facility opens fully.

Durham cancelled landfill contracts and began sending garbage to the Courtice facility. Some garbage was burned at the EFW plant during the test phase, without producing power to the grid. Covanta has also been sending the trash to its incinerator in New York state, or landfills in the Niagara region.

Until the EFW facility is up and running, the Region only pays Covanta half price of the agreed upon per-tonne fee. However, Durham isn't making any money until the plant is fully operational and selling power back onto the grid.

"We're still on budget. I'd rather be getting electricity sales on the grid," said Mr. Curtis.

The plant construction is coming in slightly under budget, according to the works commissioner.

There are a few loose ends that could end up costing Durham Region more money. There is still disagreement with former property owners on the value of the land expropriated for the facility, and a ruling is not expected until fall of next year. The final cost for the utility construction and connection costs is expected in coming months. The baseline ambient air monitoring runs until the EFW facility is operational, so the delay in opening means an ongoing monitoring cost.

"There's some minor cost over-runs on some of the smaller items but generally we're financially on track to bring this in on budget and we look forward to having it online by the end of the year," said Mr. Curtis.


The Durham York Energy Centre is designed to process up to 140,000 tonnes of waste each year, and generate 17.5 gross megawatts of renewable energy -- enough to power between 10,000 and 12,000 homes. A key part of the economic case for the energy-from-waste facility depends on it generating electrical power revenue.

Orignal From: New Courtice incinerator hits further delays

organic and hazardous waste incinerators

  • Diesel incinerator.

  • 25Kg/h. It will have mainly paper, cardboard and food, though also it will incinerate medical waste. So the incinerator shall be able to handle organic and hazardous waste.

  • Spare parts for one year.

  • The design should prevent any release of polluting substances into soil, surface water and groundwater.

  • Combustion zone has to reach at least 860 degrees under the most adverse conditions with at least 6% oxygen. Since it will treat hazardous and organic waste, temperature has to reach at least 1100 degrees for at least 2 second.

  • Flue gases must be cooled to 200 degrees or lower before flue gas treatment. The flue gas cleaning equipment maust be at least two-field electrostatic precipitator/ESP, dust <30mgNm3.

  • Thermal efficiency not less than 85%.

  • It should be equipped with filter to reduce and contain pollutants from organic and medical waste.

  • Easy to operate for almost unskilled workers.

Orignal From: organic and hazardous waste incinerators

Friday, July 10, 2015

the Single Chamber Incinerator

Burning Capacity: 400kg/ Hr ( Maximum Combustion time is 6 times/ Day)

Chimney External Diameter: not more than 400mm

Fan Power: must not exceed 1.1kw

Voltage: 220V

Oil Consumption: Must not exceed 14kg/hr

Feeding Door Width: not less than 1000x1300mm

Incineration Temparature: 800 Degree or above

Orignal From: the Single Chamber Incinerator